More than 405,000 Canadians live with long-term stroke disability and the number will double in 20 years. (*) A significant number of those get progressively worse with time.
Stroke affects some communities harder than others:
- Women have more severe strokes than men -- with flashpoints around childbirth and menopause. They are more likely to be institutionalized than men. And, more likely to be caregivers to family members with stroke.
- Indigenous peoples have much less access to rehabilitation and are more likely to live with severe long-term disability and poor quality of life after stroke. They need access to tele-rehabilitation and for training for local caregivers to assist with their recovery.
- Children have limited access to vital new therapies and services. There are more than 10,000 children in Canada living with the effects of stroke – strokes may occur in utero, at birth, during infancy, and adolescence. They need access to clinical trials, new technologies, stroke camps, and support services.
It's a stark reality: Indigenous people in Canada have a higher likelihood of developing stroke, yet face massive barriers... Health systems are failing them. Access to the treatment and recovery is a major issue in many Indigenous communities. This has to change.
Heart & Stroke Canada
Stroke disability by the numbers (*):
- According to a 2015 report on the Prevalence of long-term disability from stroke, commissioned by the CPSR and published in the journal Stroke, the prevalence of stroke survivors living with disability will as much as double in some regions of Canada by 2038.
- The largest increase is projected for the Prairie provinces (AB, SK, MB), where it is estimated there will be between 116,000 and 132,000 stroke survivors living with disability in 2038. This represents an expected increase from 2013 that ranges between 100% and 128%.
- Stroke disability rates are expected to increase between 65% and 71% in the Atlantic provinces (PEI, NS, NB, NL), between 49% and 54% in Quebec, between 68% and 74% in Ontario, and between 87% and 111% in British Columbia.